Conservation of Drinking Water
Water covers 70% of the Earth, but only 3% of it is clean and suitable for human consumption. Even if you live in an area with ample rainfall, using water requires energy to process, pump, heat, re-pump, and reprocess it. Fortunately, there are ways to save water for everyone, from certified germaphobes to compost-toilet-level conservationists.
Steps to save water
1. Turn off faucets completely.
2. Take a short shower instead of a bath.
3. Turn water off while brushing your teeth or shaving.
4. Use faucets and shower heads that restrict water flow.
5. Place a one gallon plastic container full of water in the toilet tank. It will displace and therefore save up to a gallon of water.
6. Wash full loads when washing clothes.
7. Adjust the water level control on the washing machine appropriately.
8. Keep a bottle of water in the refrigerator for drinking. You will not have to run faucet water until it gets cold.
9. Use garbage disposal once instead of several times.
10. Wash full loads in the dishwasher.
11. Use small pans of water to wash vegetables rather than running water over them continuously.
12. Clean driveway and sidewalks with a broom and not a water hose.
13. Do not fertilize the lawn in the summer.
14. Park the car in the grass while washing it, therefore watering the lawn at the same time.
15. Use drip irrigation.
16. Pull weeds that compete with plants for water.
17. Check all pipes and faucets for leaks.
The average family of four uses 450 litres of water a day, which is 164,000 litres a year.